Where We Get Our Energy

Where We Get Our Energy


McNeil Generating Station

A primarily wood-burning facility, located in Burlington’s Intervale. 
McNeil   Forestry

Winooski One

Winooski One Hydro Plant

A Hydroelectric generating station located on the Winooski River.
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BTV Solar

Burlington Solar

Output from solar projects in Burlington including Burlington International Airport and 585 Pine Street.

Wind Turbine

Wind Power

Vermont-grown power from Sheffield and Georgia as well as from Hancock in Maine.
More about Wind

Gas Turbine

Gas Turbine

Fired by fuel oil, it is primarily used as a peaking unit and for emergencies.

Distributed Generation

Distributed Generation

BED supports distributed generation from customer-owned solar and wind.
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Our Energy Portfolio

Learn about which resources provided BED’s energy supply in 2019 and how sales and purchases of Renewable Energy Credits (REC’s) affect BED’s ability to claim that the energy used by its customers is renewable.
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More Energy Sources

Short-Term Purchases

After the power received from resources is accounted for, BED may make short-term purchases from a number of counterparties.  Short-term purchases are assumed to come from the mix of fuels used to generate residual (i.e. non-renewable) power in New England (generally coal, natural gas, nuclear, etc.).  As new long-term resources come on line, the amount of energy from short-term market purchases will be adjusted accordingly.

Great River Hydro

Great River Hydro is a 7.5 MW unit-contingent contract from January 2018 through December 2024 from hydro facilities on the Connecticut River. BED is entitled to power from 7am to 11pm daily.

NYPA (New York Power Authority)

NYPA provides power from hydro stations on the Niagara and St. Lawrence rivers. The energy BED receives is based on an entitlement of 2.558 MW of power from the Niagara Project and 0.059 MW of power from the St. Lawrence Project (2.617 MW in total).   


BED has a long-term contract to buy 5 MW through October 2020, 9 MW from November 2020 to October 2035, and 4 MW from November 2035 to October 2038 from Hydro-Québec. BED is entitled to power from 7am to 11pm daily.

VEPPI (Vermont Electric Power Producers, Inc.)

VEPPI is the state agent responsible for purchasing all energy generated by a number of renewable resources within Vermont and for assigning this power to Vermont utilities.  Currently BED receives 6.0781% of the output (2.5 MW) from these facilities. There are currently 15 hydro facilities with contracts expiring between 2016 and 2020.

ISO-NE Exchange

Differences between sources available and load are settled by ISO-NE and show up as a net exchange. Positive values represent net purchases of energy; negative values represent sales of excess power across the specified period, though hourly values may vary according to resource output and load.

Wind Power

Sheffield Wind

Sheffield is a 40 MW wind farm located in Sheffield, Vermont.  BED is entitled to 40% of the output (16 MW).

Georgia Mountain Community Wind

GMCW is a 10 MW wind farm located in Georgia, Vermont.  BED is entitled to 100% of the output.

Hancock Wind

The output of the facility in Hancock County, Maine is committed under a long-term power purchase agreement (PPAs) for firm sales of energy and capacity for 13.5 MW for a 10-year term.